ENAM: a study reveals that more than 42% of Peruvian medical students fail the national medical exam | Society

In the journal Acta Médica Peruana, an article by Analysis of the last decade of theoretical evaluations among future doctors in Peruwhere it is revealed that 42.8% of students in the said career failed the National Medical Examination (ENAM) between 2009 and 2019.

The study showed that the incidence of failure occurs mainly among graduates of foreign and private universities.

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Statistics show that the public universities with the lowest percentage of disapproval in an entire decade are Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (6.6%), Universidad Nacional de Piura (16.8%) and Pedro Ruiz Gallo (18). .7%). The other side of the coin are the institutions of the National of Ucayali (47.5%), San Luis Gonzaga de Ica (49.7%) and the Peruvian Amazon (55.1%).

national universities. Photo: Peruvian Medical Law

On the other hand, the greatest disapproval in the private ones are the University César Vallejo (UCV), the private University San Juan Bautista (63%), among others. The institution with the lowest percentage is Cayetano Heredia with 5.6%.

Also, we know that 4 out of 10 graduates failed the ENAM; that is, “it suggests that a large percentage of doctors are not yet trained to care for people in rural areas of Peru.”

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To date, Sunedu has assessed medical programs at all accredited universities. Only seven have obtained approval and it is expected that soon more institutions will be licensed in the said careers. Finally, the study mentions that “the permanent application of the objective structured clinical examination must be taken into account for the future promotions of doctors”.

What is ENAM?

The national medical examination (AT AM) is an objective-type written exam, with 200 multiple-choice questions and case-based clinical reasoning; intended to measure the basic knowledge and reasoning of the future general practitioner. This was approved in 2003 by the Peruvian Association of Faculties of Medicine (ASPEFAM).

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