Women with chest pain waited longer for ED evaluation; men’s risk of dying from prostate cancer increases with belly fat: Health Checkup May 10, 2022

CLEVELAND, Ohio — Women with chest pain waited longer for an ER evaluation, and a man’s risk of dying from prostate cancer increases the more abdominal fat he has, two separate studies suggest.

Cleveland.com brings together some of the most notable local and national health news making headlines online. Here’s what you need to know for Tuesday, May 10.

Women with chest pain waited longer for ER evaluation, study finds

Women aged 18 to 55 waited longer to be evaluated for chest pain in the ER and received less thorough evaluation for a possible heart attack than men in the same age group, new research from the American Heart Association.

People of color (89% non-Hispanic black adults in this study) with chest pain waited longer to be seen in the emergency room than white adults with chest pain, the research found.

The results were recently published in the Journal of the American Heart Associationa peer-reviewed journal of the American Heart Association.

The research also revealed:

* Patients of color waited 10 to 15 minutes longer to receive care for chest pain in the emergency department compared to white adults.

* People of color received similar ER assessment and treatment for chest pain, except for longer wait times, compared to white patients.

* Chest pain accounts for more than 6.5 million emergency room visits each year in the United States, plus nearly 4 million outpatient visits, according to the American Hearth Association.

* Chest pain is the most common symptom of heart attack in both men and women. However, women may be more likely to experience accompanying symptoms such as nausea and shortness of breath as well.

Prostate cancer risk increases with extra weight, new study finds

A man’s risk of dying from prostate cancer increases by 7% for every 4 inches increase in abdominal fat, according to new research. The results should encourage men to maintain a healthy weight, the researchers said.

For the study, researchers looked at data from 2.5 million men from 19 published studies, as well as a new analysis of more than 200,000 men from UK Biobank, a biomedical database that allows researchers to access the medical and genetic data of 500,000 volunteer participants. .

None of the men had prostate cancer at the start of the studies. Weight was assessed via body mass index, an estimate of fat based on weight and height, as well as waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and/or body fat percentage.

Every five-point increase in body mass index led to a 10% increase in the risk of dying from prostate cancer, according to the study.

A 5% increase in the percentage of total body fat increases the risk of dying from prostate cancer by 3%, according to the researchers.

More research is needed to find out why carrying excess weight makes men more likely to die from prostate cancer, and whether obese men lower their risk of dying from prostate cancer if they lose weight. .

The results were published online recently in BMC Medicine.

Virus in transplanted pig heart likely contributed to patient’s death

The pig heart transplanted into a US patient in a landmark operation carried a pig virus that may have contributed to his death two months later, transplant specialists said recently.

In January, David Bennett Sr. received a genetically modified pig’s heart as part of a pioneering cross-species transplant that was initially successful. But about 40 days later, Bennett, 57, got worse. After two months he was dead.

In a webinar broadcast online by the American Society of Transplantation in April, transplant experts said pig hearts were affected by porcine cytomegalovirus, a preventable infection linked to devastating effects on transplants.

Transplant specialists believe the infection was a potential contributor to Bennett’s death and a possible reason the heart didn’t last longer.

Vegetarian children grow up meat eaters, but risk being underweight, study finds

Vegetarian children have similar growth and nutrition to children who eat meat, but are more likely to be underweight, a new study has found. The findings underscore the need for special care when planning diets for vegetarian children, the researchers said.

The study, which involved nearly 9,000 children, was conducted by researchers at St. Michael’s Hospital of Unity Health Toronto and was recently published in the journal Pediatrics.

The data was collected between 2008 and 2019. The researchers assessed nearly 9,000 children aged six months to eight years. Participants were categorized by vegetarian status – defined as a diet excluding meat – or by non-vegetarian status.

Children who ate a vegetarian diet had similar body mass index (BMI), height, iron, vitamin D and cholesterol levels to those who ate meat, the researchers found. The results showed that children on a vegetarian diet were almost twice as likely to be underweight, which is defined as being below the third percentile for BMI.

Being underweight is an indicator of undernutrition and can be a sign that the quality of the child’s diet is not meeting the child’s nutritional needs to support normal growth.

There was no evidence of an association with overweight or obesity, the researchers said.

Multiple breaks during the day help mental health, Cleveland Clinic-Parade Media survey finds

According to a 2022 Healthy Now survey commissioned by Parade Media and the Cleveland Clinic, 46% of Americans were able to maintain or improve their mental/emotional health by taking multiple 5-10 minute breaks throughout the day for activities that provide relief. the stress. , depression and/or anxiety.

Seven in 10 Americans surveyed (70%) think taking these shorter breaks throughout the day was more beneficial for maintaining and improving their mental well-being than taking a 30-60 minute break.

Some respondents continue to struggle with their mental health, according to the survey. More than a third (37%) of all respondents rate their current mental health as fair or poor.

A significant number said they had struggled with anxiety (45%), sadness and depression (36%) and anger (34%) at least once a week in the past month.

Less than half of respondents who said they had poor mental health regularly exercise (37%) or spend time outdoors (37%), compared to 52% and 46% of those who rate their health mental as high.

Survey respondents who rarely or never engage in activities that support their mental health cite being too busy (34%) and caring for a loved one (36%) as barriers. Almost a quarter (24%) of these respondents say they simply don’t know how to support their mental health.

According to the survey, people with good mental health believe that getting enough sleep (87%), moving (76%) and socializing with others (71%) are beneficial for their mental and emotional health.

The Healthy Now 2022 10-Minute Online Survey included a national sample of more than 2,000 American adults. It was made in March 2022.

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